Helpline Advice: Epilepsy
What are epilepsy seizures?
Epilepsy can be described as recurrent, unprovoked seizures. It is a neurological disorder and may require medication from your vet to help manage it.
Signs of an epileptic seizure include:
- Seeking their owner's company just before the start of a seizure
- Falling on to their side
- Stiffening of the body
- Muscle twitching
- Jaw chomping
- Loss of bowel and/or bladder control
If your dog or cat displays any of the symptoms associated with epileptic seizures, it is important to take your pet to the vet for a health check. If your dog or cat experiences epileptic seizures, for your own safety, do not approach or touch them because you could accidentally be bitten.
Why do dogs and cats develop epilepsy?
The reason why dogs and cats develop epilepsy is not fully understood. Each case is individual and requires a medical assessment by a vet, to try and diagnose the underlying cause. There are many different causes of epileptic seizures. Here are some examples:
- Brain tumour
- Kidney disorder
- Liver disorder
- Blood glucose levels – too high or too low
- Low oxygen levels in the blood
When an underlying cause cannot be found, this is called 'idiopathic epilepsy'.
Epileptic seizures are usually seen more in dogs than cats. In dogs, epileptic seizures are commonly seen between the ages of 2-3 years, but can occur at any age.
Dog breeds which are commonly affected by epileptic seizures include Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, Poodles, Beagles, German Shepherds, Dachshunds, Cocker Spaniels and Irish Setters.
How can OSCAR help?
Dogs and cats diagnosed with epilepsy may require medical management from a vet. Along side this, our experts advise to feed a high fat, low carbohydrate diet which can help to control seizures.
We recommend feeding epileptic dogs our OSCAR Adult Complete Sensitive diet in several small meals each day, which will support adequate blood glucose and maintain normal blood calcium levels.This grain free diet also contains Glucosamine for joint care and is ideal for all adult dogs.
For epileptic cats we recommend our OSCAR Adult Turkey Lite diet. is recommended for cats. You should make sure that your cat's food is available to them throughout the day so that they can feed themselves ad lib.